Differentiation: The Whole ProductMike White
Either in the course of my “client experience innovation” work, or in helping groups of partners do a better job finding new clients, I hear the following frustration, “We’re a great law firm! However, as great as we are, we’re no different from other great lawyers at other great law firms who do what we do. Frankly, I find this reality to be really discouraging . . . “.
I largely agree with this lament . . . but only as far as it goes. No doubt it is challenging for a firm and its partners to differentiate themselves in a market at a purely technical level (i.e., based on good lawyering alone); however, corporate consumers of legal work are not just buying “good lawyering” per se – they are often buying much, much more. It is in relation to the “more” that law firms can in fact differentiate themselves.
Commercial legal-services consumers (corporations, in-house lawyers at corporations, business managers who engage outside law firms directly) buy a “whole product” rather than just raw lawyering. For example, they buy a non-technical sensibility that when curveballs emerge during the course of a legal matter, the lawyer-client decisioning about the surprise will be really effective. Or, for example, they often buy benchmarking information you provide about how other clients might assess certain risks and be guided by those insights. They are buying a lot of things outside of “lawyering” that make up the whole product.
An emerging procurement feature in what law firm clients are buying relates to cross-disciplinary integration. Companies want to see all of their providers (lawyer, strategy consultant, business insurance risk consultant, capital markets adviser/investment banker, CPA, etc.) link their insights with other providers outside of their discipline in ways that make sense. For example, litigation lawyers should have a seat at the table when the risk-management consultant quarterbacks the corporate risk-assessment process. Transactional lawyers should play a role in the post-acquisition business-integration process being managed by outside management consultants. Learn who are the other non-law firm advisers to your clients and try to partner with them in this way with “hybrid” insights and solutions.
Certain client types really appreciate the role a law firm can play outside of “lawyering” in helping them do what they do as a business. For example, private equity funds are most challenged by their low-quality (and quantity) deal flow; today they have a hard time finding well priced companies in their focused sector in which to invest. Any law firm that can directly – or indirectly (through the law firm’s clients and other relationships) – enhance a private equity fund’s deal flow will transcend the noise and position itself to be retained.
Law firm clients give law firms credit for being “better” just by being “different”; despite this, law firms do a really bad job of differentiating themselves. Law firms that do try to differentiate do so at a purely technical level (“. . . No. Honest! We’re really, really, really, really . . . technically smarter and better than your existing law firm you’ve used blissfully for the past 25 years . . . “). Clients aren’t generally in the business of generating legal work; rather, they have “jobs to be done” that throw off “legal symptoms.” Learn about all of a prospect’s “jobs to be done” that drag “legal symptoms” along with them, and try to make those jobs easier.
Finally, ask your lawyers the following: Are you a better lawyer by virtue of your being part of our firm than you otherwise would be at a peer firm? If the answer is yes, create an inventory of all of the reasons why such is the case. In so doing, you’ll begin to build an inventory of firm differentiation that your lawyers can use during their outreach with prospects and others in the market.
So, don’t be constrained by the limits imposed by conventional differentiation. Learn about your prospects’ “jobs to be done,” and sell your “whole product”!
Big Firms in Small Cities: Go Virtual!Mike White
Eversheds Sutherland! Norton Rose/Chadbourne Parke! Arnold & Porter/Kaye Scholer! If it’s such a bad idea to get bigger to create scale and capability, why are so many smart leaders at so many leading firms doing it? As a regional or mid-market full-service firm, it’s easy these days to feel pretty un-validated by all of this activity. To be sure, it makes objective sense for these firms to expand their footprints and their capabilities through these combinations. There is real opportunity for firms in establishing recognized best-of-breed cross-border transactional and regulatory expertise, as cross-border expertise often represents the highest rate/highest margin work. In short, the “footprint arms race” is real and makes sense for many of these firms. However, as is the case with most forms of dislocation and change, vacuums are created and opportunities are presented that other firms should think about exploiting.
Per Malcolm Gladwell in David and Goliath, those that have “overwhelming force” in the market just by being bigger often drag along liabilities that can impair their ability to compete on other fronts in the market – think IBM vs. Microsoft; think Microsoft vs. Apple; etc. What vulnerabilities has global BigLaw created for itself by establishing a physical footprint everywhere? How do these vulnerabilities relate to real changes in the way Global 1000 companies are trying to experience, consume, and procure commercial legal services? The answer here lies in advances taking place in two areas: procurement and technology.
It’s not news that procurement departments have been asking corporate law departments to experiment with new law firms that, on paper, seem to offer differentiated value. It’s also not news that procurement departments are asking outside law firms to innovate with legal project management methods and shared risk billing practices. What is news is that next-generation procurement department / law department collaborations are focusing on true labor arbitrage. Procurement is asking, “Is there any reason we can’t do better than pay a local BigLaw firm $700-$1,000 per hour for certain complex work that is delivered at the highest level by tier I law firms headquartered in tier III cities with tier IV cost structures . . . ?” Sophisticated law departments are taking the time to learn about the best law firms and practices located in cities like Birmingham, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chattanooga, Little Rock, or Tampa. These efforts are gaining momentum in part because of the evolution of LegalTech in breaking down the distance between client and law firm; technology is doing its part here through collaboration platforms and dashboards that provide clients with a virtual proximity to their law firms and their matters. Even very remote clients have never had better visibility into the legal work as it is being produced. As a result, companies are particularly open to using “extra-geographic” law firms in transactional practices like M&A and lending, as well as in many IP litigation practices (via pro hac vice).
As the delivery of legal work becomes increasingly virtualized, full service law firms in tier III (in terms of population and size, but not in terms of overall quality!) and perhaps even in some tier II cities should capitalize on this procurement trend. In helping firms put together a plan to source work and clients outside of their region, I encourage my clients to think about the following:
- Prospect Identification: Put together a list of companies known for having market-leading procurement and supply chain functions. Get close to the supply chain consultants at AT Kearney, Bain, Accenture, et al., and find out which corporate law departments have a supply chain mentality. There’s a decent chance that this mentality has worked its way into the outside law firm selection methods of the in-house lawyers.
- Efficient Outreach and Relationship Cultivation: While the delivery of legal work is becoming more virtual, the relationship-cultivation process still requires a lot of in-person, hand-to-hand combat. Law firms should put together a set of outreach scripts designed to have a first call with persons of consequence inside the targeted law departments. Other providers (e.g., supply chain consultants working with the target companies, other providers working with the target companies, etc.) can provide warm introductions to the law departments, or perhaps some of the internal clients of the law departments. Finally, firms should put together a list of connectors from their client base and in-house lawyer relationship base who in turn likely have many contacts inside law departments of particular interest.
- Business Development Execution: Once you have identified and qualified your best prospects, your next step should be to set up physical, face-to-face meetings and make those plane tickets! Without laying out the basic sales process lifecycle here, once you get in dialogue with a prospect, you will then be on a “closing footing” as long as you can validate: i) the need for legal work your firm can do, and ii) an appetite for having more legal work performed by more affordable, remotely located law firms.
- Packaging: Companies don’t like lawyers who conjure up “positioning” on the fly; rather, they want to know that you’ve thought through thoroughly where you fit as a firm, and why your unique value proposition really is part of your firm’s DNA. You ought to be able to speak to examples of your firm’s virtual delivery of legal services, and you ought to have a one-page description of why your firm is good at it and how you do it.
- Service Delivery Innovation. Law departments that are seeking out the rate arbitrage benefits of working with remotely located law firms are sophisticated, and they will expect law firms to bring a lot of process to the table when managing legal work. Many firms talk about matter management, legal project management, and timekeeper staffing commitments, but these law departments will expect you to live and breathe these things. Fulfill their expectations and support your delivery of legal services with the kind of process discipline that will reinforce the value they already ascribe to you from your lowered rates. “We can deliver to you a cheaper cost structure and ensure that no billable hour will be invested in your matter casually . . ..”
- Pricing Innovation – firms should not be bashful about proposing non-standard, shared-risk billing arrangements. There is no more resonant sound-byte for proclaiming “We are on the same side of the table with you” than by putting some of your own fee realization at risk, based on pre-defined matter management or outcome criteria, or quality measures.
Tier I full-service law firms based in tier III cities: Your time is now! Take the time to understand why the law departments at the heart of high margin opportunities would appreciate what you have to offer, and then deliver a high quality, virtual experience!